1: Setting the Scene

If we want to prove that a population free from Darwinian competition and evolution is impossible, we must first exercise a little imagination.

What we imagine is a circle based on the following idea.

Many traditional African hunter-gatherer communities share a custom: Within ten days of breaking camp, the environment around the camp site they are departing should have returned to being so pristine, that nobody who arrives there should be able to guess it had recently been inhabited. This is partly out of self-interest. The group is likely to return to that site in the not too distant future, and will want to find the resources needed to survive.

We shall call this simple idea of a departing and a return—in this case, an absence from and a presence in base camp—a ‘circulation’. It is what we shall now use to develop a biology that proves that creationism and intelligent design are simply impossible.