The four laws of biology

The first law of biology

The law of existence

n > 1; δW = (δQ - dU) > 0; m → ∞; > 0

There is an entity such that it must always lift a weight; and such that it must, and by this means, at some time increase in its mass.

Statement | Discussion

The second law of biology

The law of equivalence

[(δW1 = δW2) ∧ (δW2 = δW3)] ⇒ (δW1 = δW3)

If a first entity can follow a path such that Law 1 is satisfied; and if a second entity can follow the same path to the same effect; then the first and second entities are equivalent.

Statement | Discussion

The third law of biology

The law of diversity

A → 0; FM

The sum of all the paths that satisfy Law 2 constitutes the allowed set for the entity and its equivalents; while that which permits them to satisfy Law 1 constitutes the required set.

Statement | Discussion

The fourth law of biology

The law of reproduction

[(dm̅dt ≤ 0) ∧ (m̅ > 0)] ⇒ [(dndt ≥ 0) ∧ (dAdt > 0;)]

In the allowed set is at least one path such that mass is surrendered, and such that a further entity possessing the required set, and satisfying these four laws, results.

Statement | Discussion